Common eye diseases that can be detected through an eye exam include:

Cataract
The leading cause of blindness, cataract occurs when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy. As a person ages, he or she will be at heightened risk for cataract. Other risk factors include family history, ethnicity, smoking and sun exposure.

Glaucoma
The second leading cause of blindness, glaucoma usually has little or no early warning signs. For that reason, it’s often called “the silent thief of sight.” People with glaucoma gradually lose their peripheral, or side vision. Symptoms can range from blurred vision and headaches, to none at all. Risk factors include age, family history and ethnicity.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
AMD painlessly destroys sharp, central vision. It is the leading cause of blindness among Caucasian Americans over the age of 40 and is more common among women.

Serious and costly health conditions that can be detected by a comprehensive eye exam include:

Diabetes
A serious disease that impacts many parts of the body, including the eye. It can contribute to eye diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy, cataract, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration.

Hypertension
Also known as high blood pressure, hypertension impacts the eye as well as the body. It can damage vessels that supply blood to the retina and create leakage in the eye. Without proper treatment, this can potentially lead to:

  • Bleeding in the eye
  • Blurred vision
  • Optic nerve damage
  • Blindness
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